The history of Dakshin Dinajpur,  a part of the erstwhile Dinajpur district, dates back to the Pal and Sena dynasties, boasting of a glowing cultural heritage. From the different antiques discovered during excavation, it becomes evident that this district had a flourishing past in the sphere of education and culture. 

Under the RCCH initiative, Dakshin Dinajpur is a hub of Bamboo and Dhokra crafts as well as performing arts like Gomira Dance (Mukha Nach) and the satirical folk drama, Khon. The district is the home to 1477 artists of which 1200 artists are engaged in Dhokra craft,  74 with Bamboo work, 128 artists with  Khon and 75 practice Gomira dance.